Many people are history buffs and have always been fascinated by the Mughal art form, Mughal Painting and Mughal Architecture. Through its century-long history, the Mughal painting evolved, flourished and also faced decline.
Here’s more about it:-
1. Mughal Painting is a South Asian style of miniature painting that evolved in the Mughal Emperor’s of the 16th to 18th centuries courts. Its origin was from Persian Miniature painting.
2. From the start of the Mughal Painting, it showed a clear and powerful feature of real-life portraiture. It was never a feature of a Persian miniature. In portraits, the head was the main focus (given great attention,) and the body was painted half-turned towards the viewer.
3. Animals, plants and flowers also made a popular subject for paintings and illustrations. Many descriptions of these subjects were illustrated in the BABURNAMA copies made for Akbar.
4. Humayun gave a tentative start to Mughal Painting. It prospered under the reign of the following three rulers, Akbar, Jahangir, and Shah Jahan.
5. The Mughal Painting school was initiated in 1549. There were two Persian painters whom Humayun invited to his court and also to Kabul. The motive of having them was to execute the illustration of Amir Hamza, a remarkable narrative of which 1400 paintings were drawn on cloth.
6. Under the rule of Akbar the Great, this painting form revealed its true flourishing colours. Akbar got the very first atelier built for the court painters. He staffed painters from all over the country and used to take a keen interest in their work.
7. Jahangir also showed a keen interest in this painting, like his father. He prioritized the portraiture in his reign, and illustrating books was kept secondary.
8. Under the reign of Shah Jahan, Mughal painting kept flourishing, but the primary focus shifted to architecture. The art in his rule became more rigid, and portraits included abstract effigies.
9. Aurangzeb was not a lover of painting and art, and thus he didn’t encourage it, and due to this, few art pieces survived.
People who know its original value are still in awe of the artistic value of the Mughal Paintings.
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