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Aao Jaane Chaar Panktiyo Mein Bandhi Rubai Ke Baare Mein

Aao Jaane Chaar Panktiyo Mein Bandhi Rubai Ke Baare Mein

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Rubai

Rubai is carefully arranged rhythmically and often preferred to set the story in short lines, a poem is all about deep feelings and expressions. 

Likewise, Rubaiyat is a name given to a poem in Persian verse.

1. 4-Lines: The Rubaiyat has a stanza consisting of short 4-lines known as rubai.

  1. Genre:
  • Rubai is one of the genres used for the poem.
  • It is usually used in Nazm (a type of poetry). 
  • In the English language, it simply means stanza.

3. Rhyming Pattern: The poem in the Persian form follows the scheme: AABA or AAAA.

  1. Meter:
  • Each rhythm has its unit based on which the verses are decided. That unit is known as the meter.
  • Every poet follows different patterns of the meter.
  • A foot is another name for a meter.
  • Iambic pentameter, trimeter, iambic tetrameter, etc., are all examples of the meter.
  • It may be possible that there are 24 prescribed meters for writing rubai.
  1. Following are some proficient poets and their numbers of rubai:
  • Omar Khayyam- More than 100 
  • Ahmad Husain Mail-19 
  • Akbar Allahabadi-54 
  • Baqar Mehdi-30 
  1. Example of Rubai in the English Language:

A poem written by Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening, is meaningful truth about life:

“The woods are lovely, dark and deep,

But I have promises to keep, 

And miles to go before I sleep.

And miles to go before I sleep.”

The scheme of the rhyme is ‘AABA’.

poem written by Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

via pinterest 

  1. Rubai Example in the Urdu Language:

Presenting to you the beautiful and essential rubai from Rūmī’s Dīwān-i Shams:

“Anwār-i Ṣalāḥ-i Dīn bar angēkhta bād

Dar dīda u jān-i ʿāshiqān rēkhta bād

Har jān ki laṭīf gasht u az luṭf guzasht

Bā khāk-i Ṣalāḥ-i Dīn dar āmēkhta bād”

The meter used by the poet is: – – u u – u – u – – u u –

 

Rubai in the Urdu Language

Consisting of several meters, each poet uses a different pattern in rubai. Nonetheless, it may be possible that all lines of a rubai are unrhythmic.

Blog Edited By Ritika Gupta

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